Tall and elegant, with sword shaped leaves, gladiolas comes in many different colors and varieties. Most originate from southern Africa, though there are a few varieties from Europe and Asia. The name “gladiolas” comes from the latin “gladius”, which means sword.
The gladiolas is a member of the Iris family. It grows well in sandy loam, but can tolerate a variety of soils. It prefers a slightly acidic soil, and cannot overwinter outdoors if the temperature drops below freezing.
Gladiolas represent strength of character and moral integrity. Given in a bouquet, they represent infatuation and that the receiver has pierced the giver’s heart like a sword.
It also can stand for splendid beauty, admiration, sincerity, and generosity.